Horticulture
Term is derived from Latin hortus (garden) and colere (to cultivate)

This concept of the culture of gardens (Anglo-Saxon gyrdan--to enclose) as being distinct from from the culture of fields, that is, agriculture--is a medieval concept

  

Another Definition of Horticulture
The Cultivation of those species requiring intensive culture. 

Usage of the Term Horticulture

Peter Lauremberg's treatise of the same name but spelled horticultura in 1631.
Appeared in New World of Words, London, 1631 edition.

Related Fields of Study 
Agronomy 
   Field Crop Production
Forestry
   Forest Trees and Products
Botany
   The Branch of Science Dealing with the Study of Plant Life

There are Many Divisions within Horticulture

Pomology

  Tree Fruit
  Small Fruit
  Viticulture
  Temperate Fruit
  Subtropical and 
  Tropical Fruit

Olericulture

Cool Season

Warm Season Root Crops

Ornamentals

Woody

Herbaceous Annuals

Floriculture

Cut Flowers

Potted Plants Bedding Plants Interior Plants

Turfgrass

Golf Course Management
Grounds Care/Maintenance
Sod Production
Sports Turf

Other Divisions within Horticuture

Medicinals and Herbs
Landscape Design and Architecture
Horticulture Therapy
Arboretums and Botanical Gardens
Zoological Horticulture

Relative Importance of Horticultural Crops
Approximately 15% of farm receipts.
Food Consumed in US is 40% by weight Horticulture crops.

Foods Classified as Horticultural Crops

Potato

Cassava

Sweet Potato

Grape

Tomato

Banana

Orange

Apple

Cabbage

Coconut

Yam

Value of Horticulture Crops in Colorado (in millions)

Vegetables

$ -- 135.6

Spinach

$ -- 7.2

Sweet Corn

$ -- 10.2

Onions

$ -- 88.4

Lettuce

$ -- 11.3

Carrots

$ -- 9.2

Cucumbers

$ -- 9.4

Cantaloupes

$ -- 9.4

Cabbage

$ -- 9.4

Fruit

$ -- 14.1

Apples

$ -- 5.3

Peaches

$ -- 1.7

Pears

$ -- 1.7

Pie Cherries

$ -- 1.7

Misc

$ -- 1.7

Floriculture

$ -- 55.7

Cut Flowers

$ -- 18.7

Potted Plants

$ -- 6.4

Foliage Plants

$ -- 1.5

Bedding Plants

$ -- 28

Other Horticulture Crops (in millions)

Potatoes

$ -- 156.5

Ornamentals

$ -- 32.5

Turfgrass

$ -- 800.0

Bedding Plants

$ -- 28
      

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